The key concepts or models of Patchwork are outlined below.
Projects typically represent a software project or sub-project. A Patchwork server can host multiple projects. Each project can have multiple maintainers. Projects usually have a 1:1 mapping with a mailing list, though it’s also possible to have multiple projects in the same list using the subject as filter. Patches, cover letters, and series are all associated with a single project.
People are anyone who has submitted a patch, cover letter, or comment to a Patchwork instance.
Users are anyone who has created an account on a given Patchwork instance.
A standard user can associate multiple email addresses with their user account, create bundles and store TODO lists.
Maintainers are a special type of user that with permissions to do certain operations that regular Patchwork users can’t. Patchwork maintainers usually have a 1:1 mapping with a project’s code maintainers though this is not necessary.
The operations that a maintainer can invoke include:
Change the state of a patch
Archive a patch
Delegate a patch, or be delegated a patch
Patchwork captures three types of mail to mailing lists: patches, cover letters, and replies to either patches or cover letters, a.k.a. comments. Any mail that does not fit one of these categories is ignored.
Patches are the central object in Patchwork structure. A patch contains both a diff and some metadata, such as the name, the description, the author, the version of the patch etc. Patchwork stores not only the patch itself but also various metadata associated with the email that the patch was parsed from, such as the message headers or the date the message itself was received.
Cover letters provide a way to offer a “big picture” overview of a series of patches. When using Git, these mails can be recognised by way of their 0/N subject prefix, e.g. [00/11] A sample series. Like patches, Patchwork stores not only the various aspects of the cover letter itself, such as the name and body of the cover letter, but also various metadata associated with the email that the cover letter was parsed from.
Patchwork allows users to store various metadata against patches. This metadata is only configurable by a maintainer.
States track the state of patch in its lifecycle. States vary from project to project, but generally a minimum subset of “new”, “rejected” and “accepted” will exist.
Delegates are Patchwork users who are responsible for both reviewing a patch and setting its eventual state in Patchwork. This makes them akin to reviewers in other tools. Delegation works particularly well for larger projects where various subsystems, each with their own maintainer(s), can be identified. Only one delegate can be assigned to a patch.
Patchwork supports automatic delegation of patches. Refer to Autodelegation for more information.
Checks store the results of any tests executed (or executing) for a given patch. This is useful, for example, when using a continuous integration (CI) system to test patches. Checks have a number of fields associated with them:
A label to discern check from the checks of other testing systems
A brief, optional description of the check
- Target URL
A target URL where a user can find information related to this check, such as test logs.
The state of the check. One of:
The user creating the check
Checks can only be created through the Patchwork APIs. Refer to ../api for more information.
Patchwork provides a number of ways to store groups of patches. Some of these are automatically generated, while others are user-defined.
Series are groups of patches, along with an optional cover letter. Series are mostly dumb containers, though they also contain some metadata themselves such as a version (which is inherited by the patches and cover letter) and a count of the number of patches found in the series.
Bundles are custom, user-defined groups of patches. Bundles can be used to keep patch lists, preserving order, for future inclusion in a tree. There’s no restriction of number of patches and they don’t even need to be in the same project. A single patch also can be part of multiple bundles at the same time. An example of Bundle usage would be keeping track of the Patches that are ready for merge to the tree.
Events are raised whenever patches are created or modified.
All events have a number of common properties, along with some event-specific properties:
The type of event
The project this event belongs to
When this event was created
The user, if any, that caused/created this event
Sent when a cover letter is created.
Created cover letter
Sent when a patch in a series has its dependencies met, or when a patch that is not in a series is created (since that patch has no dependencies).
Series from which patch dependencies were extracted, if any
Sent when a patch’s delegate is changed.
Previous delegate, if any
Current delegate, if any
Sent when a patch’s state is changed.